Shakuhachi



禅尺八 真理研究 ホームページ

The Zen Shakuhachi Truth Research Web Pages

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛• Denmark

 



Introduction

Highlighted Pictures

Miscellaneous Matters

To be - or not to be:
     a 'Zen Buddhist Priest'?


The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis

The Kaidō Honsoku Evidence

Abbot Isshi's Letter to the
     Komusō Sandō Mugetsu


The Hotoke-gotoba Evidence

The Kyotaku Denki Evidence

Myōan Taizan-ha Thought

Myōan Taizan-ha Notation

Chronology:
Quotations & Illustrations:
 •  India, China & Japan
 •  The West / Literature

My Profile / Biography

Contact Info

To the Front Page




Wave pattern

Wave - or particle?



Japanese Zen sand garden

Detail of Zen sand garden
at Daisen-in, Daitoku-ji, Kyōto
'Standing waves' ...
Early 16th century
Photo: T.O.




Chronology

THE WEST / LITERATURE: Complete Bibliography

India
China 1 •
6000 B.C.-A.D. 500
China 2 • A.D. 500 ...
Japan 1 • 600-1233
Japan 2 • 1233-1477
Japan 3 • 1477-1560
Japan 4 • 1560-1614
Japan 5 • 1614-1664
Japan 6 • 1664-1767
Japan 7 • 1767-1883
Japan 8 • 1883 ...
The West / Literature












A complete bibliography can be found at page bottom.


"Think for a moment about sound how it has pitch, loudness, timbre and duration and how silence which is its nonexistent opposite has only duration. Duration structure."

"While studying music things get a little confused. Sounds are no longer just sounds, but are letters: A B C D E F G ."

"A sound is a sound. To realize this: One has to put a stop at studying music."

     John Cage, mid-20th century.



"The word zen, dhyana, appears first in the Chandagya Upanishad, and means "thinking," or rather, "meditating," the difference being all-important, for Zen means thinking with the body. - - - "

     Reginald Horace Blyth, 1960.
     Date of Chandagya Upanishad: Possibly before 1000 B.C.



"The self-organization of information is an aspect of the self-organization of life and the gestalts it produces are the gestalts of life. They are autonomous, as are the gestalts of other autopoetic system dynamics. They form their own world of symbolic representation of reality and are capable of emancipating themselves from this reality. Thus they can change and redesign reality. Self-organizing pragmatic information may interfere with and co-ordinate energetic and material processes outside of the system in which this information becomes structured.

Usually, this is expressed in the phrase: Mind over matter.
But this is true only to the extent that the matter/energy system to which this kind of mind belongs, namely the brain, remains excluded.

The mind of the human organism controls the inanimate and certain aspects of the animate world, but the mind of an ecosystem does not dominate its members - their dynamics is the mind of the ecosystem, just as the co-ordinated dynamics of ants is the mind of the ant colony.

Control and domination are dualistic notions - there is always a controller and a controlled. But mind is a non-dualistic notion which is inseparable from the matter in whose dynamics it expresses itself."

     Erich Jantsch, 1980.



"What is the meaning of Sui Zen?
Those in Japan who know are few
- most of their word books omit it!
Zen is to open the mind, to intuit
-  Sui is the flow of the breath, the wind ...
Sui Zen: Blown Meditation?
No, Sui is to blow the flute, make it ring!
Zen is the way of the skeptic ... yet,
knowing that sound of the Flute with No Holes
why would one plead for an answer?"

     Torsten Olafsson, 1986.



- - - "The idea that the practice of the arts, or of any skill for that matter, constitutes a Way (michi) is a defining characteristic of medieval Japanese cultural history. - - - "

- - - "Hence the Way is an existential praxis whose goal is not technical competence per se; beyond competence, there is a consummate praxis that is also, paradoxically, identified with the realm of freedom, of a "self-less," intuitive spontaneity equal to, because in harmony with, the universe. - - - "

     Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen in "Murmured Conversations",
     Introduction, p. 1 & p. 2, 2008.




Postscript:

"The deep questions we write out
are but marks in a dream.
When we wake up,
even the questioner is gone."

     Ikkyū Sōjun, Daitoku-ji, 1457.
     Trsl. by James E. Sanford, 1981.




Link to the previous page: Japan 8 • 1833 ...


Complete list of references for all Quotations & pictures pages:

Sonja Arntzen, translator: Ikkyū and the Crazy cloud anthology,
     a Zen poet of Medieval Japan. Foreword by Shūichi Katō.
     University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, 1986.
Helen Josephine Baroni: The illustrated encyclopedia of Zen Buddhism.
     The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., New York, 2002.
Christopher Blasdel & Kamisangō Yūkō:
     The Shakuhachi. A Manual for Learning.
     Printed Matter Press, Tokyo, 1986, 2008.
     Available at www.shakuhachi.com.
R.H. Blyth: Zen and Zen Classics, Vol. 1: General Introduction.
     From the Upanishads to Huineng. The Hokuseido Press, Tokyo, 1960.
R.H. Blyth: Zen and Zen Classics, Vol. 4: Mumonkan.
     The Hokuseido Press, Tokyo, 1966, 1974.
Jørn Borup: Japanese Rinzai Zen Buddhism. Myōshinji, a living religion.
     Numen Book Series, Brill, Leiden & Boston, 2008.
C.R. Boxer: The Christian Century in Japan, 1549-1650.
     Carcarnet Press Limited, Manchester, 1993.
     First published in 1951 by The University of
     California Press & the Cambridge University Press.
William Bramsen: Japanese Chronological Tables.
     Printed at the "Seishi Bunsha" office, Tokyo, 1880.
John Cage: Silence - Lectures and Writings.
     Wesleyan University Press, Middletown, Conn., 1961, 1971.
Schuyler van R. Cammann: 'Types of Symbols in Chinese Art'.
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     Vol. 55, No. 55, Part 2, 1953.
Edmund Capon and William MacQuitty: Princes of Jade.
     Cardinal/Sphere Book, London, 1973.
Steven D. Carter: 'Chats with the Master:
     Selections from "Kenzai Zōdan".'
     In: Monumenta Nipponica, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Autumn, 2001),
     pp. 295-347.
Wing-tsit Chan: The Platform Scripture. The Basic Classic of
     Zen Buddhism. St. John's University Press, New York, 1963, 1975.
Cheng Te-k'un: 'Yin-Yang Wu-hsing and Han Art'.
     In: Harvard Journal of Asian Studies 20, 1-2, 1957.
Kiku Day: Remembrance of Things Past: Creating a repertoire
     for the archaic jinashi shakuhachi.
     PhD from SOAS, University of London, 2010
Kiku Day: 'The Changes in the Construction of the Jinashi Shakuhachi
     in the late 20th and early 21st Century.'
     In: European Shakuhachi Society Journal, July 1, 2011.
Kiku Day: 'The Effect of Meiji Government Policy on Traditional
     Japanese Music: The case of the shakuhachi.'
     In: 'Nineteenth Century Music Review', Cambridge,
     Volume 10, Issue 02, pp 265-292,
     Cambridge University Press, December 2013.
Max Deeg: 'Komusō and "Shakuhachi Zen". From Historical Legitimation
      to the Spiritualisation of a Buddhist denomination in the Edo Period.'
      In: 'Japanese Religions', Vol. 32 (1 & 2): pp. 7-38, 2007.
Heinrich Dumoulin: Zen Buddhism. A History. Volume 2: Japan.
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Sir Charles Eliot: Japanese Buddhism. London, 1935.
      3rd impression, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1964.
Louis Frédéric: Japan Encyclopedia.
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Ingrid Fritsch: Die Solo-Honkyoku der Tozan-Schule: Musik für
     Shakuhachi zwischen Tradition und Moderne Japans.
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     Bärenreiter, Kassel, 1979.
Fung Yu-lan: A Short History of Chinese Philosophy.
     The Free Press, New York & Collier-MacMillan Limited,
     London, 1948, 1968.
R.H. van Gulik: Hsi K'ang and his Poetical Essay on the Lute.
     Sophia University, Tokyo, and The Charles E. Tuttle Company,
     Rutland, Tokyo, 1941, 1969.
Gunsho Ruijū, Vol. 28. First published in 1733 by Hanawa Hokiichi.
     Zoku Gunsho Ruijū Kankōkai, Tokyo, 1933.
Andreas Gutzwiller: Die Shakuhachi der Kinko-Schule.
     Bärenreiter - Kassel, Basel, London, 1983.
Andreas Gutzwiller: Shakuhachi. Aspects of History, Practice and
     Teaching. Ph.D., Wesleyan University, USA, 1974.
Andreas Gutzwiller & Gerald Bennett: 'The world of a single sound:
     basic structure of the music of the japanese flute shakuhachi.'
     In: Musica Asiatica Vol. 6, Cambridge University Press,
     Cambridge, England, 1991, pp. 36-60.
Eta Harich-Schneider: A History of Japanese Music.
     Oxford University Press, London, 1973.
Hayashi Kenzō: Shōsōin gakki no kenkyū.
     Kazama Shobō, Tōkyō, 1964.
Carolyn Martha Haynes: Parody in the maikyōgen
     and the monogurui kyōgen. Ph.D. thesis.
     Cornell University, USA, 1988.
     Available online at https://secure.umi.com
     Cat. no. AAT 8804579.
Bhikshuni Heng Ch'i, trsl.: The Shurangama Sutra, Vol. III.
     The Buddhist Text Translation Company,
     San Francisco, California, 1980.
Hisamatsu Shin'ichi: Zen and the Fine Arts.
     Kodansha International Ltd.,
     Tokyo, New York & San Fransisco, 1971.
Frank Hoff: Song, Dance and Storytelling: Aspects of the
     Performing Arts in Japan.
     Cornell East Asia Series Number 15, 1978.
Victor Sōgen Hori: Zen Sand. The Book of Capping Phrases
     for Kōan Practice.
     University of Hawai'i Press, Honolulu, 2003.
Gregg W. Howard: 'Musico-religious implications of some
     Buddhist views of sound and music in the Sūrangama Sūtra.'
     In: Musica Asiatica Vol. 6, Cambridge University Press,
     Cambridge, England, 1991, pp. 95-101.
Nam-lin Hur: Death and Social Order in Tokugawa Japan.
     Buddhism, AntiChristianity and the Danka System.
     Harvard East Asian Monographs. 2007
Ide Yukio: 'Chūse shakuhachi tsuikō'.
     In: Research reports of the Kōchi University. Humanities.
     Vol. 41, 1-10, Kōchi, 1992-12-27.
Ikeda Juzan shū: Taizan-fu shūi. Tokyo, 1985.
Ikkyū Sōjun: Kyōunshū.
     Facsimile of a late 15th century manuscript.
     Ed. & publ. by Okumura Jūbei, Kyoto, 1966.
Ikkyū Sōjun: Kyōunshū, Kyōunshishū, Jikaishū.
     Rev. & annotated by Nakamura Tamaki.
     Gendai shichōsha, Tokyo, 1976.
Imaeda Aishin: Zenshū no rekishi.
     Shibundō, Tokyo, 1962.
Inagaki Ihaku, Izui Seizan & Takahashi Ryochiku, editors:
      Myōan Sanjūnana-sei Tanikita Muchiku-shū.
      Taizan-fu shūi. Tanikita Renzō, Kyoto, 1981.
Inoura Yoshinobu & Kawatake Toshio: The Traditional Theatre of Japan.
     Tokyo, 1981.
Kamisangō Yūkō: "Shakuhachi no rekishi."
     In Hōgaku Taikei Vol. 4, pp. 7-16, Tokyo, 1971.
Kamisangō Yūkō: "Shakuhachi gaku ryakushi:
     suizen no rikai no tame ni". In descriptive notes for
     "Suizen: Chikuho ryū ni miru fuke shakuhachi no keifu."
     Nippon Columbia LP recording KX 7001-3: pp. 9-22, Tokyo, 1974.
K'ao Ku (Chinese periodical of archaeology) 1974, Vol. 1.
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Donald Keene: Essays in Idleness. The Tsurezuregusa of Kenkō.
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Kishibe Shigeo: The Traditional Music of Japan.
     Kokusai Bunko Shinkokai, Tokyo, 1966.
Kitahara Ikuya, Masumoto Misao & Matsuda Akira:
     The Encyclopedia of Musical Instruments: The Shakuhachi.
     Ongakusha, Tokyo, 1990.
Kiyū Shōran. Comp. by Kitamura Nobuyo (1784-1856), first publ. in 1830.
     Reprint by Seikōkan Shuppanbu, Tokyo, 1933.
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     by Jungū Shichō, Tokyo, 1927-1930. Latest edition: Yoshikawa
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     Vols. 32 & 35: Section on Music.
Koma no Chikazane: Kyōkunshō.
     Original work completed in 1233. Publ. in 2 vols. by
     Nihon Koten Zenshū Kankōkai, Tokyo, 1928.
Kondō Ichitarō & Charles S. Terry: The Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
     by Hokusai. Heibonsha, Tokyo, 1968.
Kenneth Kraft: Eloquent Zen: Daito and Early Japanese Zen.
     University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1992, 1997.
Kurihara Kōta: Shakuhachi Shikō. Chikuyūsha, Tokyo, 1918, 1975.
Riley Kelly Lee: 'FU HO U vs. DO RE MI. The Technology of Notation
     Systems and Implications of Change in the
     Shakuhachi Tradition of Japan.'
     In: Asian Music East and Southeast Asia, 19, 2,
     Spring, 1988/Summer, 1988, pp. 71-81.
Riley Kelly Lee: 'Shakuhachi honkyoku notation:
     Written sources in an oral tradition.'
     In: Musica Asiatica Vol. 6, Cambridge University Press,
     Cambridge, England, 1991, pp. 18-35.
Riley Kelly Lee: Yearning for the Bell: A Study of
     Transmission in the Shakuhachi Honkyoku Tradition.
     Ph.D. thesis, University of Sidney, 1993.
     Available online at: www.rileylee.net/thesis.html.
James Legge: The Texts of Taoism.
     Reprinted from Sacred Books of the East, vols. 39 and 40,
     Oxford, 1891. Julian Press, New York, 1961.
Gunnar Jinmei Linder:
     Deconstructing Tradition in Japanese Music. A Study of Shakuhachi,
     Historical Authenticity and Transmission of Tradition.
     Ph.d. dissertation, Department of Oriental Languages,
     Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, 2012. Dennis Eugene Lishka: Buddhist Wisdom and Its Expression as Art:
     The Dharma of the Zen Master Takuan.
     Unpublished Doctor of Philosophy thesis.
     University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1976. Purchasable at:
     UMI Dissertation Services - www.il.proquest.com. Cat. no.: 7708798.
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     edited by Komiya Toyotaka, translated and adapted by
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     A Dictionary of Buddhist Terms and Concepts.
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     Buddhism. Vol. I: The Aristocratic Age. Vol. II: The Mass Move-
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     In: Shigaku zasshi 13, no. 4, 1902, pp. 61-76,
     & Shigaku zasshi 13, no. 5, 1902, pp. 64-82.
Michel Mohr: 'Imagining Indian Zen: Tōrei's Commentary on the
     Ta-mo-to-lo ch'an ching and the Rediscovery of
     Early Meditation Techniques during the Tokugawa Era.'
     In: Steven Heine & Dale S. Wright, eds.: Zen Classics.
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Nakatsuka Chikuzen: 'Fuke-shŪ no seiritsu.'
     In Sankyoku No. 188, Tokyo, Nov. 1937, pp. 20-31.
Nakatsuka Chikuzen: Kinko-ryū Shakuhachi Shikan.
     Nihon Ongaku-sha, Tokyo, 1979.
Nam-lin Hur: "Death and Social Order in Tokugawa Japan:
     Buddhism, Anti-Christianity, and the Danka System."
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     Center, Cambridge, Mass. & London, 2007, 550 pages.
     Link to an online version of the Introduction:
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     Great Master Dōgen's Spiritual Masterpiece.
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     Kārikā and Shankara's Commentary.
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     Includes a CD-ROM with the author's complete M.A. thesis on
     the same subject, University of Copenhagen, 1987.
     Purchasable at www.shakuhachi.com.
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     with an introduction to the new ed. by Terence Barrow.
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     l'histoire et de la g?ographie du Japon suivi de
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Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen: Murmured Conversations.
     A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei.
     Stanford University Press, California, 2008.
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     Kassel, 1956.
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     www.shakuhachi.com
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     The entire 1933 edition may be downloaded
     from this location: www.archive.org
     - Cheng Yu Tung East Asian Library, University of Toronto

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     Shōbō Genzō Chūkai Zensho Kankōkai,
     Tokyo, 1962.
Juzhong Zhang, Garman Harbottle, Changsui Wang & Zhaochen Kong:
     'Oldest playable musical instruments found at Jiahu early Neolithic
     site in China.'
     In: NATURE, Vol. 401, Num. 6755, pp. 366-368, 23 September 1999.
Reinhard Z?llner: Japanische Zeitrechnung.
     Iudicium Verlag, München, 2003.

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